ABPI – Ankle Brachial Pressure Index Measurement for the Early Detection of PAD
September 19, 2016
Cardiovascular diseases make up 35% of deaths all over the world. Unfortunately, despite greater awareness about these diseases, many remain unable to recognise if they have one or not. Often, it is not only that they can’t recognise it — they choose to ignore the signals their body sends, believing that without a real medical diagnosis, those signals mean nothing.
This is why cardiology associations around the world strongly advocate screening for cardiovascular diseases; in particular, they recommend the ABPI – Ankle Brachial Pressure Index measurement which can detect Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), the most common form of Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) that affects 15% to 20% of people over age 65. PAD is a circulatory problem; occlusions in the arteries narrow the path where blood must flow, limiting the delivery of essential oxygen and nutrients to the limbs.
Why is ABPI measurement important?
Aside from the prevalence of PAD, it is alarming how 70% of patients with the disease do not get diagnosed because they experience no symptoms at all. This means that PAD can develop more seriously without a person even knowing that he has it and urgently needs treatment.
PAD increases risks for heart attacks or stroke. Likewise, if not treated immediately, it can lead to gangrene and amputation. The risks that can be avoided by early detection through ABPI measurement or screening are serious; these can mean a significant reduction of life quality and even death.
What device is used for ABPI measurement?
For this simple, non-invasive and pain-free solution, the most reliable device used is the Automated Ankle-Brachial Index Measuring Device. It is able to make a reliable comparison of blood pressures in arms and legs, and can predict occlusion of lower extremity arteries.
One such example is the MESI MD APBI. It is considered the fastest ABI measurement product in the world. With this automatic device, taking measurements takes no more than a minute. It is also worth noting that it is very easy to use, as the machine does both the blood pressure measurement and calculation of the pressure index.
The features/functionalities of this device include:
Advanced error detection system – The smart software prevents false results in the case of ischemia (inadequate blood supply a part of the body), or medial calcinosis (a form of vessel hardening).
Cuff-based technology – This ensures ease of use, yet it is powerful enough to detect the slightest changes in volume.
Unique algorithm for ankle blood pressure calculation – This was developed with the human ankle anatomy in mind since it is not possible to measure blood pressure in the ankles just using a brachial blood pressure device.
Simultaneous measurement – This eliminates blood pressure drift error, and saves time.
Cardiovascular diseases like PAD can be managed effectively; through accurate ABPI measurement using the MESI APBI MD, 200 million people with PAD can receive timely treatment and become more proactive in preserving their well-being.